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Covered wagons and gondola wagons

Covered wagons. The main type of the covered wagon is a four-axle lifting capacity of 64 tons with volume of a body 120 cubic meters.

In the eighties of the part of the boxcars built with a metal body, which is within painted plywood with the width of 10 mm. Carriage-building industry has supplied also covered cars with the metal body, and increased to 4 m doorway. This opening allows you to extend the use of the loading-unloading mechanisms. A significant part of the Park covered wagons were cars with lifting capacity of 64 tons with volume of a body 106 cubic meters.

Varieties are covered wagons for the transport of livestock. Their carrying capacity of 22 and 30 tonnes. They have a roof, with a wooden formwork, the covered roof steel. Within these cars are equipped with the feed troughs and water troughs, rings for tethered animals, shelves for fodder, shelves for water supply and latticed doors. In the side walls of the available vent. Also in the 80 years was produced the pilot batch of two-tier wagons for the transport of sheep and cattle, designed on the basis of four-axle covered wagon with lifting capacity of 64 tons. So, for example, small livestock can be placed on two tiers or cattle - on the bottom floor, and the sheep - on the top.

The indoor cars are also eight-wheel type hopper, equipped with hatches for loading and unloading of cargo and specialized in the transportation of cement, grain, raw materials for mineral fertilizers, granular carbon black. All of these cars are adapted for mechanized loading and unloading.

Available in the Park of a small number of the covered all-metal wagon length 2B,6 m is intended for transportation of cars, and for the transportation of Apatite concentrate covered cars are equipped with a rising body.



Gondola wagons. This type of rolling stock has no roof and therefore allows you to fully mechanize loading, and where there are car dumpers, and unloading. In places where is no car dumper, bulk cargo from the gondola cars is unloaded through the hatches in the floor, closed lids. When opening the hatch cargo falls by its own weight. Most of the exploited gondola cars are eight-wheel capacity 63-65 t, having a metal body or with the wooden shell of boards in the thickness 40 mm. In almost all cars outer walls of the body are double doors, reinforced at the corner post. In order to increase the strength of the body the cars of old buildings front doors welded in the closed position.

Hatch covers, made of corrugated steel sheets with exposed beams, pivotally connected to хребтовой beam. In front of the manhole cover is fixed with a locking mechanism, consisting of a refusal, sector and rails. In the lower part of refusal there are two teeth. Usually when closing the cover lifted and placed on the first tooth of a refusal. After зтого crowbar through the bracket, specially rivet for this to the tie of the body, running out the cover so that it engages the second tooth of a refusal. In the closed position refusal is held shut-off sector. Every hatch is fitted with two locking mechanisms. Inside the wagons equipped with devices for fastening of the cargo.

Besides the eight-wheel, in the Park there is a small number of six-axle cars, the issue of which of the imperfections of the chassis (two-wheel carts) in recent years has stopped.

Now there is a supply of eight of gondola cars with carrying capacity of 125 tons (Fig. 1), in which the chassis is a two model biaxial cart CRISM-X3-On (model 18-100), connected by a connective beam.

For transportation of bulk cargoes (coal, ore) in closed routes part of the produce gondola cars with a body, i.e. without the mechanical doors and unloading hatches in the floor. Such cars in steel mills unload on car dumper.

Much part of starotipnyh gondola cars that were built before 1951, adapted specially for the transport of containers. After the modernization of the timbers of the side walls in these cars were taken off the middle of the rack removed, and in the middle of the left wooden doorway used for the application of necessary inscriptions. Mechanical doors removed, and instead delivered a light rail from the corners: horizontal, welded to the rack in the middle height, and two vertical, the United at the top of the horizontal and end seals at the bottom. No other cargo in these cars are not transported.

In the Park there are specialized wagons for transportation of hot agglomerate, hot pellets, coke, peat.

To the number of gondola cars include cars-dumpers (box cars), hoppers-batchers for transportation of crushed stone and hopper for transportation of bitumen.

Cars, dump trucks are designed for transportation of bulk cargoes (stone, ore, crushed stone, building materials, etc.). The body has a low open when unloading port and, when with the help of air cylinders he tilts and takes the tilted position, the burden falls on one side of the path. Dumpcars have a large container, so their use is beneficial only when they are often discharged, i.e. during transportation on short distances, for example, from the quarry to the railway station. Build cars-trucks loaded with different osnostyu (four-, six - and eight-axle) and load-carrying capacity from 50 to 180 tonnes. Are these cars do not usually roads, and industrial enterprises.

Hoppers-dispensers are designed for transportation of crushed stone in construction and repair of railway tracks. This gondola with inclined end walls, have metering devices, allowing to pour crushed stone for ballast prism roadbed layer of necessary thickness.

Gondola car for transportation of bitumen have a tank with double walls and device for the overturning of the bunkers. Bitumen poured into the hopper in hot condition, but during cooling he hardens. Before discharging into the space between the double walls of the bunker впускается pairs, which warms up and подплавляет a thin layer of bitumen, adjacent to the inner wall. This is quite enough to bitumen rollovers bunker easily выгрузился from him a large piece of the weight of 10-17 t. After the unloading of the hopper is returned to its original position. There are two types of four-axle cars for bitumen transportation: truck 40 tonnes with four bunkers and 50 tonnes with three bunkers.

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